Slavernij bestaat nog steeds. Vertel ik iets nieuws als ik zeg dat vrijwel alle slaveneigenaren dezelfde God (Allah) dienen?
Does slavery exist in Mauritania in 1998?
Yes! Slavery has persisted in 1998. In ancient times slavery was common in Mauritania. It became part of armed conflict between ethnic or political groups. Slavery continued among these populations in Mauritania through the eighth century, coming under Islamic authority.
From this point forward, only Black Africans
have been enslaved in Mauritania.
Are there recent verified accounts of slavery in Mauritania?
In 1982, the London-based Anti-Slavery Society estimated that there were 400,000 slaves still held by Arab Mauritanians. In June 1994, the American Anti-Slavery Group and Amnesty International claimed that 90,000 Blacks still live as "the property" of slaveholders. They also reported that 300,000 freed slaves continued to serve their former masters because of psychological or economic dependence. In February 1996, an AFSC staffer visiting Mauritania videotaped recently freed slaves and heard anti-slavery leader Bobacar Messaoud estimate that nearly half the population continues to be either enslaved or in slave-like relationships.
Describe the condition of women.
Traditional forms of mistreatment of women continue, both in urban and rural areas. It consists of forced feeding of adolescent girls (gavage) and female genital mutilation. In gavage, brutal force is used to fatten young women so they will be more acceptable to men. Women in Mauritania usually do not seek legal redress, but rely on family and ethnic group members to intervene.
Why is Sharia Islamic law so important in the Sudan?
The current Khartoum government wants to bring the non-Muslim Black South in line with Sharia law, laid down and interpreted by conservative Muslim clergy. The Black animist and Christian South remembers many years of slave raids by Arabs from the north and east and resists Muslim religious rule and the perceived economic, cultural, and religious expansion behind it.
Does slavery still exist in the Sudan?
In April 1996, UN Special Representative for the Sudan, Gaspar Biro, reported "an alarming increase...in cases of slavery, servitude, slave trade, and forced labor." In June 1996, two reporters from the Baltimore Sun illegally visited the Sudan. They produced a series of articles in the Sun called "Witness to Slavery," in which they documented slavery in the Sudan. In fact, they bought two young slaves and set them free.
What is the status of women and girls?
War and famine have affected the traditional systems and laws for protecting women's rights, and the condition of women and girls has worsened. In the South, half the women refugees are widows. Population displacement has increased prostitution, rape, and sexually transmitted diseases. Child labor is another form of abuse in the Sudan, and female children are forced into early marriages, which endanger their health.