Kolonisatie van Mars noodzaak!

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xplosive
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Re: Kolonisatie van Mars noodzaak!

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De (beoogde) lanceerdatum en tijd van de Perseverance rover is al bekend :

Atlas V to launch Perseverance
Rocket: Atlas V 541
Mission: NASA's Mars Perseverance Rover
Launch Date: Friday, July 17, 2020 at 9 a.m. EDT
Launch Location: Space Launch Complex-41, Cape Canaveral Air Force Station, Florida

Mission Information: A United Launch Alliance Atlas V 541 rocket will launch NASA's Perseverance rover to Mars. The spacecraft will explore the Jezero Crater to study the planet's habitability, seek signs of past microbial life, collect and store samples of selected rock and soil and prepare for future human missions.

The rover also carries the Ingenuity helicopter, a technology demonstration to prove that powered flight can be achieved at Mars.

Launch Notes: The Perseverance launch will mark the 85th Atlas V mission since the inaugural launch in 2002 and the 7th in the 541 configuration.
Echter : als je naar deze countdown kijkt dan kom je op een precieze lanceertijd van 09:05 EDT uit (EDT = Eastern Daylight Time, waarbij Daylight staat voor Daylight savings time dat net zoiets is als de zomertijd in Europa). Dat is 15:05 CEST (Central European Summer Time), dus om 5 over drie 's middags in Nederland.

De reis naar Mars duurt 7 maanden en de verwachte aankomst op Mars is op 18 februari 2020.

De lanceerkosten van raket Atlas V type 541 bedragen volgens deze bron 145 miljoen dollar.

Dit is hoe de rover aan zijn naam kwam :

NASA 'Perseverance' - Hear the essay that named the Mars 2020 rover

Gun jezelf wat je een ander toewenst     islam = racisme   & de hel op aarde voor mens en dier
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Ali Yas
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Re: Kolonisatie van Mars noodzaak!

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xplosive schreef:
and prepare for future human missions.

The rover also carries the Ingenuity helicopter, a technology demonstration to prove that powered flight can be achieved at Mars.
Dat een helikopter kan vliegen in het bijna-vacuüm van Mars hadden ze ook op Aarde kunnen laten zien, bijvoorbeeld in hogere luchtlagen of in een speciale vacuümruimte. Het meenemen van zo'n ding naar Mars is voor de Bühne dus, schat ik zo in.

In plaats van dit zinloze speelgoed had ik liever gezien hoe ze dat "prepare for future human missions" gaan aanpakken. Waarschijnlijk doelen ze daarmee op het Mars Oxygen ISRU Experiment, een apparaatje dat (op zeer bescheiden schaal) CO2 kan omzetten in O2 en CO. Zoiets is vrij belangrijk voor als je ooit mensen wilt laten leven op Mars, maar ik begrijp dan weer niet waarom zo'n apparaatje niet gewoon op Aarde wordt uitgetest (dat is ongetwijfeld wel gedaan natuurlijk). Men doet nu alsof dat experiment op Mars iets toevoegt, maar net als bij die helikopter geloof ik dat het niets anders is dan een demonstratie om de geldstroom op gang te houden.

Serieuze voorbereidingen zouden moeten bestaan uit het opsturen van robots die een habitat gaan bouwen inclusief energiecentrale, voedselproductiesystemen, afvalverwerkingsinstallaties en ga zo maar door. Het wordt met bovenstaande exploratieve missie wel duidelijk dat het nog laaaaang niet zover is.
Truth sounds like hate to those who hate truth.

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xplosive
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Re: Kolonisatie van Mars noodzaak!

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Ali Yas schreef:Het wordt met bovenstaande exploratieve missie wel duidelijk dat het nog laaaaang niet zover is.
Als we Elon Musk mogen geloven dan landen de eerste mensen op Mars in 2025.
Gun jezelf wat je een ander toewenst     islam = racisme   & de hel op aarde voor mens en dier
                                   koran = racistisch & handboek voor criminelen
      Moslimlanden bewijzen dagelijks:    meer islam = meer verkrachte mensenrechten

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Re: Kolonisatie van Mars noodzaak!

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xplosive schreef:Als we Elon Musk mogen geloven
Van mij mag dat niet. :finger:
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Re: Kolonisatie van Mars noodzaak!

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Is dit terugkrabbelen (of "backpedalling" zoals de Engelstaligen zeggen) ?

Elon Musk said that
it is not enough for full colonization of Mars
By Natasha Kumar on May 24, 2020

It all started with the fact that in the comments someone from social media users reminded American businessmen that in December 2015, his company was the first to return to Earth as the first stage of its own Falcon 9 rocket. Musk responded positively, but noted that the pace of technology development appear to him to be still insufficient. "It was five years ago. We need to move towards the creation of reusable rockets much faster. To create on the surface of Mars fully self-sufficient colony, we need to reduce the cost of removing each ton payloads into Earth orbit at least ten times, even in comparison with those indicators that allow you to achieve the Falcon rocket", – he stressed.

It is noteworthy that a month earlier, Elon Musk made a statement that given the current dynamics of the development of space technologies, the current generation of people will not catch that period when mankind will indeed colonize the Red Planet.
Conclusie : geen mensen op Mars in 2025.
Gun jezelf wat je een ander toewenst     islam = racisme   & de hel op aarde voor mens en dier
                                   koran = racistisch & handboek voor criminelen
      Moslimlanden bewijzen dagelijks:    meer islam = meer verkrachte mensenrechten

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Re: Kolonisatie van Mars noodzaak!

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Nou, dat weten we dan ook weer... :unsure:
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Re: Kolonisatie van Mars noodzaak!

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What Will a Human Colony on Mars Look Like According to Robert Zubrin?
6 mei 2020

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Re: Kolonisatie van Mars noodzaak!

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Elon Musk makes getting humans to Mars his top priority

12 June 2020

Afbeelding

Last month’s NASA and SpaceX successful launch of astronauts from US soil for the first time in almost a decade, has reignited discussion about space travel to Mars and beyond. SpaceX is fronted by the billionaire Elon Musk.

Sky News reports:

Having completed its first human launch, SpaceX’s founder and chief executive Elon Musk says the company is now focusing on developing its next-generation spacecraft Starship …

According to an internal email sent to staff and seen by CNBC, the CEO told staff that development on Starship is now the primary focus for the company …

Starship was unveiled last September and is designed to carry a crew and cargo “to the moon, Mars or anywhere else in the solar system”, according to the billionaire.


Musk has outlined his vision of building a colony on Mars with the first rocket propelling humans to the planet by 2025. And last year, he tweeted he believed it was “possible to make a self-sustaining city on Mars by 2050, if we start in five years”.

In March 2018, Musk said that humans must prioritise the colonisation of Mars so the species can be conserved in the event of a third world war, the Guardian reported.

“It’s important to get a self-sustaining base on Mars because it’s far enough away from earth that [in the event of a war] it’s more likely to survive than a moon base,” Musk said on stage at SXSW – just days after Donald Trump announced plans to meet the North Korean leader, Kim Jong-un, in an attempt to defuse rising nuclear tension.

“If there’s a third world war we want to make sure there’s enough of a seed of human civilisation somewhere else to bring it back and shorten the length of the dark ages,” Musk said, responding to questions from his friend Jonah Nolan, the co-creator of the TV show Westworld.


If humanity is ever going to settle down on the Red Planet, we may need to become a little less human.

During a recent webinar hosted by the New York Academy of Sciences called “Alienating Mars: Challenges of Space Colonization,” astrobiologist Kennda Lynch said that genetic engineering and other advanced technologies “may need to come into play if people want to live and work and thrive, and establish their family, and stay on Mars”.

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http://churchandstate.org.uk/2020/06/el ... ZgOTMPAqow
De Islam is een groot gevaar!
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Re: Kolonisatie van Mars noodzaak!

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Here’s what potential Mars colonists really need from Earth: A large gene pool

By David Warmflash, PhD | 16 March 2018

Afbeelding

When futurist entrepreneur Elon Musk discusses his vision for Mars colonization, he speaks about delivering 80,000 settlers initially, and eventually millions to the Red Planet. That’s very different from most other well-publicized Mars colonization advocacy groups, like those of the Mars Society, or Mars One, whose plans are for transporting much smaller populations to the Martian surface with the idea that this will eventually stimulate a gradual increase in colonists from Earth.

Whether any of these plans come to fruition is somewhat doubtful—Mars One has been criticized as being nothing more than a reality TV show. But its overall strategy of sending just a few pioneers sounds somewhat feasible at least compared to Musk’s given the hardware and fuel requirements of sending anything (or anyone) across interplanetary space.

Lees verder>>>
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Re: Kolonisatie van Mars noodzaak!

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Genetically engineering humans to survive missions to Mars is coming

18 June 2020

Afbeelding

We might one day combine tardigrade DNA into our own cells.

One of the biggest concerns that space agencies like NASA and SpaceX have when it comes to bringing humans to Planet Mars is survival.

Humans are poorly suited to life in space. The BBC reports:

We are products of 3.8 billion years of evolution in a comfy 1g oxygen-rich biosphere, protected by a magnetic bubble (the magnetosphere) from the harshness of the Universe. Away from the Earth, astronauts are bombarded by cosmic radiation and suffer nausea, muscle and bone loss, deteriorating eyesight and even weakened immune systems as a result of zero gravity.

Yet as scientists and inventors from Steven Hawking to Elon Musk have pointed out, we may need to leave Earth and journey to new planets if humanity is going to survive in the long term. In March 2018, Musk said that humans must prioritise the colonisation of Mars so the species can be conserved in the event of a third world war.

Now, a new study is proposing that genetic engineering may be the key to surviving life on the Red Planet. Space.com reports:

Chris Mason, a geneticist and associate professor of physiology and biophysics at Weill Cornell University in New York, has investigated the genetic effects of spaceflight and how humans might overcome these challenges to expand our species farther into the solar system. One of the (strangest) ways that we might protect future astronauts on missions to places like Mars, Mason said, might involve the DNA of tardigrades, tiny micro-animals that can survive the most extreme conditions, even the vacuum of space!

Mason led one of the 10 teams of researchers NASA chose to study twin astronauts Mark and Scott Kelly. Mason studied the effects of space on Scott who spent a year aboard the International Space Station and Mark who stayed back on Earth.

Based on their study, although astronauts can counter the effects of space by taking prescribed medicine, gene editing might be the better course to take in the long run and could “make humans more capable of travelling farther into space and even to planets such as Mars”.

But Mason admits that any human-tardigrade gene hacking is still decades away.

“I don’t have any plans of having engineered astronauts in the next one to two decades,” Mason told Space.com. “If we have another 20 years of pure discovery and mapping and functional validation of what we think we know, maybe by 20 years from now, I’m hoping we could be at the stage where we would be able to say we can make a human that could be better surviving on Mars.”

GEN notes that, “Because missions to Mars – which are planned for the near future (2020s and 2030s) – could last up to three years, more long-term studies are necessary to understand the impact of longer durations in space on the human body.”

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___________________________________________________________

Chris Mason: Discovering and designing genomes for Earth, Mars, and beyond



Human Cells Fused with Tardigrade Genes



http://churchandstate.org.uk/2020/06/ge ... J1kw7WNQK0
De Islam is een groot gevaar!
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Re: Kolonisatie van Mars noodzaak!

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Misschien is het minder moeite beerdiertjes wat menselijk DNA mee te geven. Genetisch materiaal dat codeert voor intelligentie zou ik thuis laten.
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King George
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Re: Kolonisatie van Mars noodzaak!

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Het morele gelijk ligt bij het volk

Respectabele fora de moeite van een bezoek meer dan waard:
Haarlems Vrije Mening Forum Uitingsvrij 3.2


Citaten van Mustafa Kemal Atatürk over de Islam

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King George
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Re: Kolonisatie van Mars noodzaak!

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De zoon van David Bowie heeft trouwens een hele mooie film gemaakt over leven op de maan:



Met een heel verrassend einde. Aanrader!
Het morele gelijk ligt bij het volk

Respectabele fora de moeite van een bezoek meer dan waard:
Haarlems Vrije Mening Forum Uitingsvrij 3.2


Citaten van Mustafa Kemal Atatürk over de Islam

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Re: Kolonisatie van Mars noodzaak!

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By Dennis NormileJun. 25, 2020 , 2:00 PM

NASA's Perseverance rover may have company on the Red Planet. China aims to leap to the front ranks in planetary exploration with an ambitious Mars mission, its first independent bid to reach the planet. Tianwen-1—"quest for heavenly truth"—consists of not only an orbiter, but also a lander and a rover, a trifecta no other nation has accomplished on its first Mars bid. "A successful landing would put China among elite company," says Mason Peck, an aerospace engineer at Cornell University.

Due to launch in July, the mission, if successful, would mark dramatic progress for China's space program. In recent years it has fielded several lunar landers but made only one attempt on Mars, an orbiter that piggybacked on a failed 2011 Russian mission to the martian moon Phobos.

A Mars landing is among the most challenging feats in spaceflight. Unlike the Moon, Mars has an atmosphere, which means landers need protection from the heat generated during descent. But its air is too thin for a parachute alone to slow a lander; retrorockets are needed as well. And the entire sequence must be executed autonomously. Of 18 lander or rover missions to Mars, only 10 have been successful. Nine of those 10 were NASA missions. A Russian probe landed successfully, but almost immediately lost communications.

Scientists involved in Tianwen-1 said they did not have permission from the China National Space Administration (CNSA) to speak to the press, and the agency did not respond to questions. Although state media have run stories about the mission, there is nothing like the fanfare that accompanies a NASA Mars landing. Several sources within China's space community believe the agency is muting publicity to temper expectations for a risky mission.

China has not yet announced which of two candidate landing sites it prefers. Both are flat, smooth plains not far from where NASA's Viking 1 and Viking 2 landers touched down in 1976. The low-lying sites give the lander's parachute more time to work. Although scientists might have preferred a more rugged site at higher elevations with more interesting geology, "I speculate [CNSA engineers] are looking to particularly demonstrate a safe landing," says Jim Bell, a planetary scientist at Arizona State University, Tempe, and veteran of several Mars rover missions.

Landing is not the only objective, however. "Our goal is to explore and gather as much scientific data as possible," CNSA chief mission architect Zhang Rongqiao said during a July 2019 lecture on the mission. The orbiter aims to study the martian magnetic field and atmosphere. With a high-resolution camera, it will map the surface and characterize its geology.

The as-yet-unnamed, 240-kilogram rover, the size of a small golf cart and one-quarter the weight of Perseverance, carries six scientific instruments. Among them is a ground-penetrating radar (GPR) that, along with one on Perseverance, will be the first such devices on Mars, able to map subsurface features that orbiting radars see only dimly. "You can really investigate layering, structures, and the presence of permafrost or ice," says Elena Pettinelli, a geophysicist at Roma Tre University, who has helped analyze GPR data from China's Chang'e 3 and 4 missions to the Moon.

Tianwen-1 will take 7 months to reach Mars, and it will be several more months before the orbiter releases the lander, according to a 2017 paper outlining the mission in Science China Technological Sciences. After trundling off a ramp on the lander, the solar-powered rover is expected to operate for at least 90 martian days, using the orbiter as a communications relay. The orbiter will keep going for about one martian year, or roughly 23 months.

Dean Cheng, a China policy expert at the Heritage Foundation, a conservative U.S. think tank, says beyond demonstrating technological prowess, China wants to contribute "to the global pool of knowledge." It believes "great powers are also scientific powers," he says.

Tianwen-1 is not the only upcoming demonstration of those ambitions. Later this year, China plans to launch its Chang'e 5 mission, which would return the first Moon rocks since the last Soviet Union Luna mission in 1976; it will likely attempt a far-side sample return mission after that.

CNSA officials have suggested that if Tianwen-1 and Chang'e 5 go well, China could attempt to return samples from Mars beginning around 2030. That timeline puts it on the heels of the NASA–European Space Agency sample return mission—but not by much.

With reporting by Bian Huihui.
Gun jezelf wat je een ander toewenst     islam = racisme   & de hel op aarde voor mens en dier
                                   koran = racistisch & handboek voor criminelen
      Moslimlanden bewijzen dagelijks:    meer islam = meer verkrachte mensenrechten

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Ali Yas
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Re: Kolonisatie van Mars noodzaak!

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xplosive schreef:
the mission, if successful, would mark dramatic progress for China's space program
Hier horen we dus niets meer van.
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Re: Kolonisatie van Mars noodzaak!

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By Mike Wall, June 30, 2020

The launch of NASA's next Mars rover has been pushed back yet again.

The car-size Perseverance rover, the centerpiece of NASA's life-hunting Mars 2020 mission, will lift off no earlier than July 30, eight days later than the previous target date, agency officials announced today (June 30).

"A liquid oxygen sensor line presented off-nominal data during the wet dress rehearsal, and additional time is needed for the team to inspect and evaluate," NASA officials wrote in an update today, explaining the cause of the delay.

The launch team conducted the wet dress rehearsal, a comprehensive countdown practice session with Mars 2020's United Launch Alliance Atlas V rocket, at Cape Canaveral Air Force Station in Florida on June 22.

Mars 2020's original launch window extended from July 17 to Aug. 11. The "no earlier than" date has been pushed back three times — first to July 20 because of a faulty crane, then to July 22 to resolve a potential contamination issue with ground support lines, and now to July 30.

But there's a nugget of good news in the latest update as well: Mars 2020 has a bit more time to get off the ground than originally thought.

"Flight analysis teams have expanded the mission launch opportunities to August 15 and are examining if the launch period may be extended further into August," NASA officials wrote today.

Mars missions have restricted launch windows because Earth and the Red Planet align properly for interplanetary travel just once every 26 months. If the $2.7 billion Mars 2020 can't get off the ground this summer, the mission will have to be put into storage until autumn 2022. That fate befell the European-Russian ExoMars rover Rosalind Franklin, which encountered problems with its parachute system and other issues that could not be solved in time for a 2020 launch.

Whenever it launches during the coming window, Perseverance will land inside Mars' Jezero Crater on Feb. 18, 2021. The six-wheeled robot will hunt for signs of ancient life in the 28-mile-wide (45 kilometers) Jezero, which harbored a lake and river delta billions of years ago.

Perseverance will also collect and cache several dozen samples, which will be returned to Earth, perhaps as early as 2031, in a joint effort by NASA and the European Space Agency. The rover will also test out several new exploration technologies, including gear that generates oxygen from Mars' thin, carbon dioxide-dominated atmosphere and a little helicopter named Ingenuity.
Gun jezelf wat je een ander toewenst     islam = racisme   & de hel op aarde voor mens en dier
                                   koran = racistisch & handboek voor criminelen
      Moslimlanden bewijzen dagelijks:    meer islam = meer verkrachte mensenrechten

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Re: Kolonisatie van Mars noodzaak!

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July 2, 2020 at 10:51 am Robert Zimmerman

According to a new report out of Singapore, China has set July 20-25 as the launch window for its Mars orbiter/lander/rover mission, dubbed Tianwen-1.

Should they meet this date, it means they will launch before Perseverance, arriving at Mars about the same time, in February 2021. And like Perseverance, this launch window closes this summer, and if they can’t meet it they will have to wait two years.
Gun jezelf wat je een ander toewenst     islam = racisme   & de hel op aarde voor mens en dier
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      Moslimlanden bewijzen dagelijks:    meer islam = meer verkrachte mensenrechten

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Re: Kolonisatie van Mars noodzaak!

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By Sedeer El-Showk, Jul. 8, 2020 , 1:00 PM

The United Arab Emirates (UAE), a small Persian Gulf nation, is on the cusp of a big breakthrough: joining the United States, the Soviet Union, Europe, and India in the elite club of nations that have successfully sent spacecraft to Mars. On 15 July, the Emirates Mars Mission (EMM)—also known as the Hope satellite—is set to launch on a Japanese rocket, arriving at the Red Planet in February 2021.

Planners hope the mission will boost UAE industry and science capacity while also delivering sorely needed data on the martian atmosphere. "One of the primary objectives of the mission from the start was to do science that is relevant to the international community," says Sarah Amiri, Hope's science lead.

Most of the six spacecraft now at Mars are in polar orbits that only offer views of the surface at fixed times of day. But Hope will be inserted into an inclined orbit that provides a view of any given point at a different time on each orbit. A camera and infrared spectrometer will collect data about dust, moisture, and ozone in the lower atmosphere, while an ultraviolet spectrometer will measure carbon monoxide, hydrogen, and oxygen in the upper atmosphere.

The data will fill in gaps in computer models of the martian atmosphere, says Francois Forget, a member of the Hope science team at the Laboratory of Dynamic Meteorology. Primed by observations, these global climate models (GCMs) rely on basic physical laws to make predictions about the weather and climate. Yet at Mars, "we observe some processes which we cannot represent using our universal equations," Forget says. For example, the models cannot reproduce how atmospheric dust is distributed or explain why some dust storms grow into global events that completely shroud the planet. Monitoring the atmosphere throughout the day may help solve these enigmas, Forget says.

Lori Neary, who models the martian atmosphere at the Royal Belgian Institute for Space Aeronomy and isn't involved with the mission, is also looking forward to its data. "The more instruments that are taking measurements of Mars, the better," she says. She hopes the data will help her team understand daily changes in ozone levels, which depend strongly on sunlight. Continuous EMM data will help calibrate model predictions for ozone levels throughout a martian day.

The mission has given equal weight to building capacity for space science research in the UAE. "This mission created expertise in the country in areas we never had expertise in before," says Amiri, who was a program engineer on the UAE's DubaiSat satellites before becoming EMM science lead and, later, UAE's minister of State for Advanced Science. Emirati aerospace firms enhanced their know-how by manufacturing many of Hope's precision components. Hope was tested in the nation's first double-story clean room, which will now be used for future projects, including university built drones and small cube satellites.

The mission has also spurred an interest in science at Emirati universities, which have launched five new undergraduate science programs and a graduate program in physics. At the University of Sharjah, the number of students in applied physics and astronomy has doubled since the start of the EMM.

A science apprenticeship program, built into the mission itself, has also helped build expertise. When the EMM was conceived in 2014, the UAE had only a handful of planetary scientists but plenty of trained engineers. The team realized "the best way was to retool engineers to think like scientists," Amiri recalls. The program matches Emirati engineers with scientists at partner institutes. For example, Hessa Al Matroushi, the EMM data management and analysis lead, originally trained as an image processing engineer, but shifted gears by apprenticing with scientists on NASA's MAVEN mission, which studies Mars's upper atmosphere. "The experience taught me how to be flexible, how to handle scientific data, filter it and analyze it," she says.

Many of the apprentices plan to continue as space scientists after the mission. "This is where we see our future," Al Matroushi says.
Gun jezelf wat je een ander toewenst     islam = racisme   & de hel op aarde voor mens en dier
                                   koran = racistisch & handboek voor criminelen
      Moslimlanden bewijzen dagelijks:    meer islam = meer verkrachte mensenrechten

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Re: Kolonisatie van Mars noodzaak!

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Jonathan O'Callaghan, Jul 13, 2020,06:33am EDT

When you think of space-faring nations, a few obvious names spring to mind. America, of course, and Russia. China too, and perhaps Europe and Japan. Maybe India as well.

And... the United Arab Emirates?

If they weren't on your radar, they probably should be. Tomorrow, Tuesday, July 14, at 4.51 P.M. Eastern Time, the UAE will see its first-ever mission to Mars launch, and indeed its first interplanetary mission.

Called Hope, the $200 million spacecraft will launch on a Japanese H-2A rocket from the Tanegashima Space Center in Japan. You'll be able to watch live here.

Designed to study the atmosphere of Mars and the Martian weather, the spacecraft is also a statement of intent from the UAE. Having never launched a mission beyond Earth orbit before, the country hopes this could be the start of a new economy driven by science, not oil.

"The UAE wants to support the creation of a creative, innovative, and competitive knowledge-based and post-oil economy," says Omran Sharaf, the project lead on the mission. "To do that, an advanced and capable science and technology sector is crucial. This mission is a catalyst for change."

.....

Lees verder : https://www.forbes.com/sites/jonathanocallaghan/2020/07/13/the-united-arab-emirates-is-about-to-launch-its-first-ever-mission-to-mars/#6bf14213a602
Gun jezelf wat je een ander toewenst     islam = racisme   & de hel op aarde voor mens en dier
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Re: Kolonisatie van Mars noodzaak!

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How would we colonize Mars?
17 jul. 2020

De Islam is een groot gevaar!
Jezus leeft maar Mohammed is dood (en in de hel)

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Re: Kolonisatie van Mars noodzaak!

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SpaceX aims to launch the first Starship with cargo to Mars by 2022

By Evelyn Arevalo - July 14, 2020

Afbeelding

SpaceX envisions transforming humans into a multi-planet species. The company runs operations every day to develop a Starship that will make it a reality. Before sending humans to Mars, SpaceX plans to launch a Starship carrying cargo in 2022. If the mission goes smoothly, the target date to send the first humans to the Red Planet is the year 2024. Starship will be a gigantic two-stage launch vehicle capable of transporting tons of cargo and one hundred passengers on long-duration voyages through deep space. The stainless-steel Starship will consist of a spacecraft and a rocket booster called Super Heavy -which will only be utilized to carry the Starship spacecraft out of Earth’s atmosphere. The booster will return from space to conduct a vertical landing at a spaceport, like SpaceX’s Falcon 9 rocket.
[b[Wīłł[/b] @Martian_Will · Jun 5, 2020
Replying to @elonmusk @flcnhvy and 2 others

Is 2022 still the target for the first cargo mission to Mars with 2024 being the first crewed mission?

Elon Musk
@elonmusk

Yes

7:43 AM · Jun 5, 2020
The founder and Chief Engineer at SpaceX Elon Musk says Starship is “the key to making life multi-planetary & protecting the light of consciousness.” He sees the Red Planet as a second home for the human species, in case a massive destruction event wipes out humans on Earth. Starship will feature a 1,000 cubic meter cabin capable of accommodating 100 passengers. The common area will feature large windows, and private rooms could host three individuals comfortably. “The crew configuration of Starship includes private cabins, large common areas, centralized storage, solar storm shelters, and a viewing gallery,” SpaceX stated.

Musk explained that SpaceX would have to manufacture 1,000 Starships that would launch in fleets of 100, carrying astronauts and tons of cargo every twenty-six months –which is when Mars and Earth’s orbits align closer to conduct a shorter trip. A fleet would embark on a six to eight-month voyage to the Red Planet about every two years. At this rate, a sustainable Mars colony would be complete by the year 2050.

The first mission to Mars will consist of taking tons of cargo humans will need to survive on the rough Martian environment. Vital things like oxygen and food will be transported to Mars first, so, when the first astronauts arrive, they will have enough survival resources. Starship’s cargo configuration will not feature windows, it will be fully enclosed; capable of deploying over 100 tons of cargo. Its payload fairing will have a width of 8 meters and an extended volume capable of accommodating payloads as long as 22 meters. “The standard Starship payload fairing is 9 m [meter] in outer diameter resulting in the largest usable payload volume of any current or in development launcher,” SpaceX Starship user guide states. No other spacecraft currently operating is that large. This feature would enable companies to deploy entire constellations of satellites into low Earth orbit in a single launch. SpaceX officials said last year Starship would be capable of deploying 200 Starlink satellites at once!

SpaceX teams are rapidly manufacturing prototypes at the SpaceX South Texas facility at Boca Chica Beach in Brownsville, TX. These prototypes will undergo a series of tests that pave the way towards developing a space-ready launch vehicle. Musk shared an aerial photograph of the location in June and called it – “Gateway to Mars.” In just a couple of years, the facility has grown to become a Starship factory. Musk told SpaceX employees Starship development is a top priority. He hopes to accomplish conducting a high-altitude test flight of 20 kilometers and possibly taking Starship to orbit, around 100 kilometers, before the year ends.

This week, SpaceX engineers are focused on preparing the Starship SN5 test vehicle for a static-fire test, which is a pre-flight preparation to ensure the craft’s Raptor engine is working well. SN5 is expected to perform a low altitude test flight of approximately 150-meters above Boca Chica Beach. The first test could take place in a couple of weeks. According to the Boca Chica Cameron County website, road closures indicate SpaceX could conduct a brief test ignition of Starship SN5’s engine as soon as July 16.

Watch Live views of SpaceX operations at Boca Chica in the video below!



https://www.tesmanian.com/blogs/tesmani ... JZawlcBFog
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Re: Kolonisatie van Mars noodzaak!

Bericht door xplosive »

 
By Loren Grush, Jul 19, 2020, 7:13pm EDT

Today, the United Arab Emirates' first interplanetary mission successfully took off from the southern tip of Japan, sending up a car-sized probe bound for the planet Mars. The launch marks the beginning of the country's most ambitious space project yet, aimed at studying the weather on Mars as it evolves throughout the planet's year.

The spacecraft, called Hope, took off on top of a Japanese H-IIA rocket from Japan's Tanegashima Space Center at 6:58AM at the launch site (or 5:58PM ET this afternoon on the East Coast of the US). The probe will now spend the next seven months traveling through deep space, periodically correcting its course with a series of engine burns. Then sometime in February of 2021, it'll attempt to put itself into an elongated orbit around Mars, where it will analyze the atmosphere and climate throughout the course of each Martian day.

For the UAE, the timing of this launch was absolutely critical. The UAE government conceived of this project in 2014 to inspire young Emirati teens, and as a bold way to celebrate the 50th anniversary of the nation's founding in December 2021. To ensure that Hope is in orbit by the anniversary, the team behind the spacecraft had to launch this summer, during a small window when Earth and Mars come closest together during their orbits around the Sun. This planetary alignment happens once every 26 months, so the UAE team had to launch this year to meet the 2021 deadline.

So far the launch seems to have been a smooth one. For a few minutes after the spacecraft deployed from the rocket, engineers feared that the vehicle hadn't opened one of its two solar panels. But the UAE eventually confirmed that both panels had been deployed. The mission team noted that they were in communication with the spacecraft and that Hope appeared to be in good shape. The engineers will continue to analyze data coming from the spacecraft and provide updates on the health of Hope in the coming hours.

But some in the UAE are already celebrating. "Years of hard work and dedication have paid off in a big way," Yousef Al Otaiba, the United Arab Emirates ambassador to the United States, said during a livestream following the launch. "Thanks to the mission team efforts, the UAE's first spacecraft, which six years ago was just a concept, just an idea, is now flying into space well on its way to another planet. This is a huge accomplishment. But it's just the beginning."

Getting to this point proved to be a particularly challenging process for the UAE, which only had experience launching Earth-observing satellites up until now. The engineers and scientists had just six years to get the probe ready for launch this year, and their government tasked them with building the spacecraft themselves — not buying it — within a set budget of $200 million for development and launch.

"The government was very clear to us about it: they wanted us to come up with a new model of executing such missions and delivering such missions," Omran Sharaf, the project manager for the Emirates Mars Mission, said during a press conference ahead of the launch. "So they didn't want something with a big, big budget. They wanted something to be delivered quick, fast, and something that we can share with the rest of the world, about how they can approach missions."

The team behind the mission decided they ultimately didn't want to go it alone. They partnered with various academic institutions in the United States, including the University of Colorado at Boulder, Arizona State University, and the University of California, Berkeley, all of which had experience designing instruments or equipment for deep space probes before. The partnership allowed the UAE team to build upon known spacecraft designs and to utilize existing testing infrastructure, as well as gain knowledge from experienced aerospace engineers.

Afbeelding
Engineers at mission control in the Mohammed Bin Rashid Space Center in Dubai, monitoring the launch. | Photo by GIUSEPPE CACACE/AFP via Getty Images

Today's launch is a big win for the UAE and this new model for spacecraft development — but there's still a long way to go before the country's Mars mission is declared a success. In about a month, the engineers will do the first maneuver to correct Hope's path to Mars. The vehicle will burn its onboard thrusters, slightly nudging the probe as it makes its way through space. A series of these maneuvers is needed to make sure Hope reaches the right location at Mars upon arrival. "It's a very small target," Pete Withnell, the program manager for the mission at the University Colorado Boulder, said during a press call ahead of the launch. "It's equivalent to an archer hitting a two-millimeter target, one kilometer away. So this is not for the faint of heart."

And the biggest test of all will come in February, when Hope must conduct a 30-minute burn of its thrusters to insert itself into orbit around Mars. The maneuver is meant to slow the spacecraft down from more than 75,000 miles an hour (121,000 km an hour) to more than 11,000 miles an hour (18,000 km an hour). The spacecraft will have to do this all on its own, without input from Earth. At that point, it will take too long to get a signal to Mars in time to make any corrections, so the burn must be completely autonomous.

That's still ways off, and for now, the UAE is celebrating a successful launch. If all goes well, the UAE's launch should be the first of three missions to Mars that launch within the net month. Next up will likely be China, which is hoping to launch a Martian orbiter, a lander, and a rover to the Red Planet around July 23rd. After that is NASA, which is launching its Perseverance rover, designed to look for signs of past life and dig up samples that will potentially be returned to Earth in the next decade for study. All these groups are racing to launch while the planets are aligned, and time is running out to get them all off the ground.
   
Laatst gewijzigd door xplosive op ma jul 20, 2020 4:50 am, 1 keer totaal gewijzigd.
Gun jezelf wat je een ander toewenst     islam = racisme   & de hel op aarde voor mens en dier
                                   koran = racistisch & handboek voor criminelen
      Moslimlanden bewijzen dagelijks:    meer islam = meer verkrachte mensenrechten

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Re: Kolonisatie van Mars noodzaak!

Bericht door xplosive »

 
Door: NU.nl, 20 juli 2020 00:14

De Verenigde Arabische Emiraten zijn zondagavond het eerste Arabische land ooit geworden om een missie naar een andere planeet te sturen. De VAE lanceerden zondag met succes de "Hoop"-satelliet naar Mars, op een raket van de Japanse ruimtevaartorganisatie JAXA.

De satelliet vertrok om 23.58 uur (Nederlandse tijd) naar de rode planeet vanaf het Tanegashima​ Space Centre op het zuidelijke Japanse eiland Tanegashima. De Emiraten beschikken niet over een eigen lanceervoertuig en hebben daarom gebruik gemaakt van een Japanse raket.

Eigenlijk had de missie dinsdag al moeten vertrekken, maar het werd uitgesteld naar donderdag en later zondag vanwege slechte weersomstandigheden in Japan. Als het zondag weer zou worden uitgesteld, bestond het risico dat de VAE hadden moeten wachten tot 2022 om weer een poging tot lanceren te wagen.

Mars staat in juli 2020 op een goede positie ten opzichte van de aarde en dat gebeurt slechts eens in de 26 maanden. De "Hoop"-satelliet komt na een reis van ongeveer 500 miljoen kilometer over ongeveer 7 maanden aan bij de rode planeet.

Na aankomst moet de kunstmaan minstens twee jaar functioneel zijn. De missie kan verlengd worden, mits alles goed verloopt. Met de satelliet wil de VAE de atmosfeer van Mars onderzoeken, evenals het weer en klimaat op het hemellichaam.

VAE lanceert deze maand Marsmissie als eerste van drie landen

De lancering van de VAE is de eerste van drie Marsmissies die deze maand plaatsvinden. Tussen 20 en 25 juli wil China een poging wagen en de Verenigde Staten willen vanaf 30 juli gaan proberen op te stijgen naar Mars.

Waar de VAE alleen een satelliet in een baan om Mars willen brengen, wil China zowel een satelliet als een lander naar Mars sturen. De Verenigde Staten willen een lander sturen, met zowel de Perseverence-rover als een experimentele helikopter.
Gun jezelf wat je een ander toewenst     islam = racisme   & de hel op aarde voor mens en dier
                                   koran = racistisch & handboek voor criminelen
      Moslimlanden bewijzen dagelijks:    meer islam = meer verkrachte mensenrechten

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Re: Kolonisatie van Mars noodzaak!

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Will Elon Musk beat NASA to Mars? Dr Robert Zubrin interview
20 jul. 2020

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Jezus leeft maar Mohammed is dood (en in de hel)

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Re: Kolonisatie van Mars noodzaak!

Bericht door xplosive »

 
by Andrew Jones — July 17, 2020

China is preparing to launch its Tianwen-1 Mars orbiter and rover next week with the rollout of the mission’s Long March 5 launch vehicle.

The roughly 878-metric-ton heavy-lift Long March 5 was vertically transferred to its launch area at the coastal Wenchang Satellite Launch Center late Thursday Eastern.

The rollout indicates that China will launch Tianwen-1, the country's first independent interplanetary mission, next week.

Final examinations and tests will be conducted before the launch, according to Chinese media. No launch date was announced, instead reports stated liftoff will take place between late July and early August.

Previous Long March 5 launches have seen a six-day period between rollout and launch. This suggests the launch will occur around July 23.

If successful the spacecraft will arrive at Mars in February 2021. The rover, inside an entry vehicle atop the orbiter, will remain attached to the orbiter in Mars orbit for 2-3 months before the landing attempt, a paper published in Nature this week confirms.

.....

The Long March 5 is part of a new generation of Chinese launch vehicles which use combinations of liquid hydrogen or kerosene fuel with liquid oxygen. These both expand China’s launch capabilities but could also eventually replace the older, hypergolic Long March rockets.

The 5-meter-diameter Long March 5 core stage is powered by two YF-77 hydrolox engines. Each of four 3.35-meter-diameter side boosters are powered by a pair YF-100 kerolox engines.

The Long March 5 is capable of delivering 14 metric tons to geostationary transfer orbit, 8.2 tons to trans-lunar injection, or 6 tons to trans-Mars injection. Tianwen-1 has a mass of around 5 tons.

.....

lees verder bij https://spacenews.com/long-march-5-rolled-out-for-july-23-launch-of-chinas-tianwen-1-mars-mission/
Gun jezelf wat je een ander toewenst     islam = racisme   & de hel op aarde voor mens en dier
                                   koran = racistisch & handboek voor criminelen
      Moslimlanden bewijzen dagelijks:    meer islam = meer verkrachte mensenrechten

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