Futuristische ontwikkelingen

Deze afdeling is voor algemene topics die niet passen in wat reeds voorzien is. Ze moeten wel aansluiten bij ons thema.
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xplosive
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Re: Futuristische ontwikkelingen

Berichtdoor xplosive » Do Mar 05, 2020 5:52 am

 

Stephen Shankland, March 4, 2020 11:37 AM PST

Hewlett Packard Enterprise and AMD will deliver what they expect to be the world's fastest supercomputer in 2023, a $600 million machine at Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory called El Capitan they promise will perform at 2 exaflops, or 2 quintillion calculations per second.
The current fastest machine, as measured by the Top500 ranking released by supercomputing researchers twice each year, is the IBM-built Summit supercomputer at Oak Ridge National Laboratory in Tennessee. Upgrades have boosted its performance to 143 petaflops.
Supercomputers are also in demand for health and genetics research, astrophysical modeling, aircraft and automotive design, climate change simulations and, more recently, new artificial intelligence algorithms.
A related HPE-AMD supercomputer called Frontier is scheduled to arrive at Oak Ridge in 2021 with a speed of 1.5 exaflops. A performance level of 1 exaflops ("flops" stands for floating-point operations per second) is 1,000 times 1 petaflops, making El Capitan about 10 times faster than Summit.

 
Gun jezelf wat je een ander toewenst     islam = racisme   & de hel op aarde voor mens en dier
                                   koran = racistisch & handboek voor criminelen
      Moslimlanden bewijzen dagelijks:    meer islam = meer verkrachte mensenrechten

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xplosive
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Lid geworden op: Do Jun 30, 2011 11:18 pm

Re: Futuristische ontwikkelingen

Berichtdoor xplosive » Do Mar 05, 2020 6:47 am

 

By Robert Wells | February 14, 2020

University of Central Florida researchers are helping to close the gap separating human and machine minds.

In a study featured as the cover article appearing today in the journal Science Advances, a UCF research team showed that by combining two promising nanomaterials into a new superstructure, they could create a nanoscale device that mimics the neural pathways of brain cells used for human vision.

"This is a baby step toward developing neuromorphic computers, which are computer processors that can simultaneously process and memorize information," said Jayan Thomas, an associate professor in UCF's NanoScience Technology Center and Department of Materials Science and Engineering. "This can reduce the processing time as well as the energy required for processing. At some time in the future, this invention may help to make robots that can think like humans."

Thomas led the research in collaboration with Tania Roy, an assistant professor in UCF's NanoScience Technology Center, and others at UCF's NanoScience Technology Center and the Department of Materials Science and Engineering.

Roy said a potential use for the technology is for drone-assisted rescues.

"Imagine a drone that can fly without guidance to remote mountain sites and locate stranded mountaineers," Roy said. "Today it is difficult since these drones need connectivity to remote servers to identify what they scan with their camera eye. Our device makes this drone truly autonomous because it can see just like a human."

"Earlier research created a camera which captured the image and sent it to a server to be recognized, but our group created a single device that mimics the eye and the brain function together," she said. "Our device can observe the image and recognize it on the spot."

The trick to the innovation was growing nanoscale, light-sensitive perovskite quantum dots on the two-dimensional, atomic thick nanomaterial graphene. This combination allows the photoactive particles to capture light, convert it to electric charges and then have the charges directly transferred to the graphene, all in one step. The entire process takes place on an extremely thin film, about one-ten thousandths of the thickness of a human hair.

Basudev Pradhan, who was a Bhaskara Advanced Solar Energy fellow in Thomas' lab and is currently an assistant professor in the Department of Energy Engineering at the Central University of Jharkhand in India, and Sonali Das, a postdoctoral fellow in Roy's lab, are shared first authors of the study.

"Because of the nature of the superstructure, it shows a light-assisted memory effect," Pradhan said. "This is similar to humans' vision-related brain cells. The optoelectronic synapses we developed are highly relevant for brain-inspired, neuromorphic computing. This kind of superstructure will definitely lead to new directions in development of ultrathin optoelectronic devices."

Das said there are also potential defense applications.

"Such features can also be used for aiding the vision of soldiers on the battlefield," she said. "Further, our device can sense, detect and reconstruct an image along with extremely low power consumption, which makes it capable for long-term deployment in field applications."

Neuromorphic computing is a long-standing goal of scientists in which computers can simultaneously process and store information, like the human brain does, for example, to allow vision. Currently, computers store and process information in separate places, which ultimately limits their performance.

To test their device's ability to see objects through neuromorphic computing, the researchers used it in facial recognition experiments, Thomas said.

"The facial recognition experiment was a preliminary test to check our optoelectronic neuromorphic computing," Thomas said. "Since our device mimics vision-related brain cells, facial recognition is one of the most important tests for our neuromorphic building block."

They found that their device was able to successfully recognize the portraits of four different people.

The researchers said they plan to continue their collaboration to refine the device, including using it to develop a circuit-level system.
Gun jezelf wat je een ander toewenst     islam = racisme   & de hel op aarde voor mens en dier
                                   koran = racistisch & handboek voor criminelen
      Moslimlanden bewijzen dagelijks:    meer islam = meer verkrachte mensenrechten

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xplosive
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Lid geworden op: Do Jun 30, 2011 11:18 pm

Re: Futuristische ontwikkelingen

Berichtdoor xplosive » Za Mar 07, 2020 12:14 am

 

4 March 2020

A psychological theory could kickstart improvements in the way robots are able to walk, thanks to a University of Manchester study.

The study – a unique collaboration between a clinical psychologist, robotics engineers and a robotics entrepreneur is published in the Journal of Intelligent and Robotic Systems today.

It analysed what happens when standard algorithms driving a self-balancing robot – made from simple Lego – were replaced with those based on 'perceptual control theory'.

The theory was encoded into the little droid, allowing it to control what it sensed so that it moved around more effectively, just as humans and other animals can.

Though the robot moves on two wheels, it is an 'inverted pendulum', which requires nimble balancing in a similar way to how our bodies are kept upright when we walk.

So, the better the robot can balance, the better prepared it will be for walking like a human.

In the study, the more lifelike robot balanced more accurately, more promptly and more efficiently than its rivals by assessing its environment at least 100 times a second.

It also moved to a new location, even when disturbed by sideways nudges, more effectively than its competitors.

When the standard algorithm was programmed into the robot, it appeared much less stable and wobbled excessively.

Though perceptual control theory has been used widely in psychological therapies, education and parenting interventions, this is the first time that using it in robots has been compared in a 'head-to-head' test.

The new study, compared the same inverted pendulum robot programmed and tuned with three different software controllers.

Two of them, proportional control and LQR, are widely used by engineers to build the latest robots.

The third, perceptual control theory, was originally derived from engineering, but it takes the 'insider's perspective', specifying the 'desired inputs' or 'needs' of the robot.

Dr Warren Mansell, Reader in Clinical Psychology at The University of Manchester said: "Although this is early work, it is tantalising to see how a scientific theory used to help people with mental health problems might actually help engineers to improve their designs of artificially intelligent devices.

"Robots are yet to match the abilities of those in science fiction hits like Star Wars and Blade Runner and none have mastered walking on two feet."

"But the use of the theory could really enable the transformation of robots into more lifelike machines."

Dr Simon Watson, Senior Lecturer in Robotic Systems at The University of Manchester said: "Nature has developed the most complex machines we know, so being able to implement algorithms inspired by them is an important step in our own creative development capability.

Thomas Johnson, the PhD student who built and tested the robot said "This work has demonstrated the success of controlling robots with perceptual control theory. This paper is a demonstration of how engineers in robotics can find inspiration from the living world."

Computer technologist Dr Rupert Young said: "This research is a peek at a radical new way of understanding how to build robotics systems, that are dynamic and adaptive despite the chaotic, unpredictable nature of the real world. Based upon an elegant and natural approach, this paradigm holds the promise of developing far more sophisticated, autonomous robots"

Deze uitspraak licht ik er even uit :

"Robots are yet to match the abilities of those in science fiction hits like Star Wars and Blade Runner and none have mastered walking on two feet."

Zo te zien deed de Atlas robot het toch al vrij aardig :



Maar mogelijk dat het met het algoritme dat gebaseerd is op de "perceptual control theory" nóg eleganter kan.
Gun jezelf wat je een ander toewenst     islam = racisme   & de hel op aarde voor mens en dier
                                   koran = racistisch & handboek voor criminelen
      Moslimlanden bewijzen dagelijks:    meer islam = meer verkrachte mensenrechten

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Pilgrim
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Re: Futuristische ontwikkelingen

Berichtdoor Pilgrim » Za Mar 07, 2020 3:27 am

SpaceX en Axiom willen volgend jaar ruimtetoeristen naar ISS brengen

06 maart 2020

Afbeelding

Ruimtebedrijven SpaceX en Axiom Space gaan samenwerken om drie toeristen en een astronaut van Axiom naar het International Space Station (ISS) te brengen. Dat meldt Axiom vrijdag.

Drie toeristen kunnen samen met de begeleider van Axiom mee op een tiendaagse reis naar het ISS en terug. Dat gebeurt in een Crew Dragon-capsule van SpaceX.

De missie moet in de tweede helft van 2021 plaatsvinden. Axiom werd recent door NASA uitgekozen om een ISS-module te maken voor commerciële vluchten naar het station. Die module zou rond 2024 bevestigd worden.

Tijdens de reis verblijven de ruimtetoeristen acht dagen aan boord van het ruimtestation, waar ze uit de buurt moeten blijven van de professionele astronauten die daar werken. De overige twee dagen zijn vrijgemaakt voor het heen en weer reizen. Vooraf worden de toeristen getraind.

Het is niet duidelijk wat een kaartje voor de reis moet kosten. Eerder tekende The New York Times op basis van Axiom op dat toeristen voor een ticket 55 miljoen dollar (ruim 48 miljoen euro) moeten betalen, maar het bedrijf komt daar in het officiële bericht niet op terug.

Door: NU.nl

https://www.nu.nl/tech/6035546/spacex-e ... engen.html
De Islam is een groot gevaar!
Jezus leeft maar Mohammed is dood (en in de hel)

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xplosive
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Lid geworden op: Do Jun 30, 2011 11:18 pm

Re: Futuristische ontwikkelingen

Berichtdoor xplosive » Zo Mar 08, 2020 10:17 pm

 

Brian Wang | March 6, 2020

One SpaceX Starship will cost about $5 million as SpaceX will mass-produce nearly one hundred in 2021. Each Starship and Super Heavy booster will cost less than about $40 million. The development costs of the competing Space launch system have been about $40 billion. The Space Launch System (SLS) rocket cost will be about $4 billion while ignoring most of the development costs. Each SpaceX Super Heavy Starship will cost about $40 million. Before considering the full reusability of SpaceX Super Heavy Starship will cost one thousand times less than SLS. Full reusability will drive the cost down to $2 million or less for each SpaceX Super Heavy Starship launch. This means two thousand SpaceX Super Heavy Starship launches for the price of one SLS launch.

Elon says SpaceX plans to build one Starship a week by the end of 2020. SpaceX is designing its factory to build one Starship every 3 days (72 hours). The three-day build target would be by the end of 2021.

SpaceX would make 120 Starships per year if they were building one four shifts for 7X24 production at the rate of one every 3 days. They would need to build at least 800 Raptor rocket engines for those Starships and likely would need 2000 Raptor engines if many of the Starship needed Super Heavy boosters with over 30 Raptor engines each.

SpaceX will be making a series of large tents and buildings to house its Starship factory.

Those tents and buildings will be the SpaceX Starship gigafactory. The manufacturing rate will be comparable to the speed of construction of commercial wide-body airplanes.

Elon has said that mass production will bring the cost of the Starship down to $5 million. This cost will be far lower than the cost of wide-body planes. The Starship will be capable of hypersonic speeds of mach 20.

The SLS is getting $2.5-4 billion of funding each year from 2021-2025. The plan is to launch 4 times in that five year period. Each SLS costs $3-5 billion.

SOURCES- Ars Technica, Robert Zubrin interview Elon Musk, SpaceXCentric, Elon Musk tweets
Gun jezelf wat je een ander toewenst     islam = racisme   & de hel op aarde voor mens en dier
                                   koran = racistisch & handboek voor criminelen
      Moslimlanden bewijzen dagelijks:    meer islam = meer verkrachte mensenrechten

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Pilgrim
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Re: Futuristische ontwikkelingen

Berichtdoor Pilgrim » Zo Mar 08, 2020 11:07 pm

De Islam is een groot gevaar!
Jezus leeft maar Mohammed is dood (en in de hel)

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xplosive
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Lid geworden op: Do Jun 30, 2011 11:18 pm

Re: Futuristische ontwikkelingen

Berichtdoor xplosive » Di Mar 10, 2020 4:02 am

 

By Emilia Jiang for Mailonline | Published: 15:03 GMT, 9 March 2020 | Updated: 15:05 GMT, 9 March 2020

China has unveiled its first 'intelligent' makeshift coronavirus hospital, which sees 5G-powered robots providing round-the-clock care for patients.

Six different types of droids have taken up posts at the facility to reduce medics' heavy workload and prevent cross-infection between doctors and patients, according to Chinese media.

The high-tech programme was launched last Saturday at the Wuchang field hospital in Wuhan, Hubei Province of central China.

The intelligent machines can take patients' temperature and deliver meals to them. They can also patrol and disinfect hospital areas.

The 5G-equipped network also allows the doctors to use the stats-collecting robots and receive live updates of the patients remotely.

This came after the makeshift hospitals in Wuhan, built during the coronavirus outbreak, had required advanced technology to improve their efficiency, according to reports.

The use of the self-driving and self-charging machines could cut down the workload of medics and reduce the risks of cross-infection, according to officials.

Over 3,000 medical staff in Hubei Province have been infected with the deadly disease since the outbreak, according to Chinese officials.

On February 28, Hubei officials teamed up with Chinese Academy of Sciences to deliver the project.

Twelve sets of robotic devices were donated by CloudMinds, a Chinese tech start-up specialising in intelligent robots.

The tech firm, along with the state-owned telecom company China Mobile, built the intelligent system for the hospital within a week.

Another Chinese hospital has started to use two robots powered by artificial intelligence and capable of disinfecting themselves to help treat coronavirus patients.


The pair of droids began to deliver medicine and food to sufferers as well as collecting bed sheets and medical rubbish in the province of Guangdong, said the local health commission.


The killer coronavirus rapidly sweeping the world has now infected over 110,000 people worldwide, with a recent uptick in cases across Europe.

China has confirmed at least 80,735 cases and 3,119 deaths since the virus was first discovered in Wuhan late last year.

Germany is now testing patients for the deadly coronavirus in their comfort of their own car as the country's outbreak continues to spiral.

In hope of keeping potentially infected patients away from hospitals, Germany has now rolled out drive-thru testing stations.

The move follows the UK and South Korea, where demand for testing has grown in response to escalating epidemics.

An outbreak started on British soil last week and a third person died on Sunday – at least 280 people have already been infected and there are no signs officials will be able to contain the virus from spreading more in the coming days.

Prime Minister Boris Johnson is today hosting a Cobra meeting of senior Government ministers to discuss how best to tackle the deadly outbreak.

It comes after sources inside Number 10 last week said officials believe the virus 'is highly likely that it is going to spread in a significant way'.
Gun jezelf wat je een ander toewenst     islam = racisme   & de hel op aarde voor mens en dier
                                   koran = racistisch & handboek voor criminelen
      Moslimlanden bewijzen dagelijks:    meer islam = meer verkrachte mensenrechten

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Pilgrim
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Re: Futuristische ontwikkelingen

Berichtdoor Pilgrim » Wo Mar 11, 2020 2:58 am

SpaceX gaat volgend jaar al toeristen naar het internationale ruimtestation brengen

Caroline Kraaijvanger, 9 maart 2020

Afbeelding

Wie ook op vakantie wil naar het ISS, moet echter een goedgevulde portemonnee meebrengen.

SpaceX gaat een samenwerking aan met Axiom Space. Samen organiseren ze in de tweede helft van 2021 de eerste volledig private bemande vlucht naar het internationale ruimtestation. Tijdens die vlucht zullen enkele toeristen netjes bij het ISS worden afgezet, om daar vervolgens een dag of acht te verblijven, alvorens weer terug te keren naar de aarde.

Prijskaartje
De toeristen worden getransporteerd met behulp van SpaceX’ Crew Dragon. Eenmaal aangekomen bij het ISS kunnen ze niet alleen genieten van een fantastisch uitzicht op de thuisplaneet, maar ook ervaren hoe het is om te leven in een omgeving met microzwaartekracht. Aan dat alles hangt naar verluidt een fors prijsplaatje, dat in de honderden miljoenen dollars zou lopen.

Meerdere vluchten
De vlucht die voor nu gepland staat voor de tweede helft van 2021 is – als het aan SpaceX en Axiom ligt – de eerste van vele. Axiom verwacht zo’n twee volledig private vluchten per jaar te kunnen organiseren. Tijdens die vluchten worden naast ruimtetoeristen, ook astronauten in dienst van Axiom naar het ISS gebracht. Tijdens de eerste vlucht gaat het om drie ruimtetoeristen en één Axiom-astronaut.

Aanbouw
In eerste instantie kan het dus wat druk worden in het ISS, waar eveneens continu astronauten van verschillende ruimtevaartorganisaties verblijven. Maar daar komt al snel verandering in. Axiom gaat het internationale ruimtestation namelijk van een heuse aanbouw voorzien. Het bedrijf zou in de tweede helft van 2024 starten met de bouw van dit zogenoemde Axiom Segment, waarmee de leefruimte in het ISS flink toeneemt. En dat segment is de opmaat naar meer. Want wanneer het ISS met pensioen gaat, zal het segment losgekoppeld worden en als zelfstandig ruimtestation rond de aarde blijven cirkelen.

Vervolgstap
Het transporteren van ruimtetoeristen naar het ISS is ongetwijfeld een logische vervolgstap voor SpaceX. Het bedrijf brengt nu al regelmatig voorraden naar het ISS en hoopt later dit jaar voor het eerst ook astronauten van NASA naar het ISS te transporteren. Maar SpaceX heeft er nooit een geheim van gemaakt de ruimte voor iedereen te willen ontsluiten. Het organiseren van private bemande vluchten past keurig in dat plaatje.

Wie nog wat los geld heeft liggen, kan er natuurlijk voor kiezen om een weekje op vakantie gaan naar het ISS. Maar er zijn op korte termijn vast ook andere opties. Zo organiseert SpaceX in 2023 de eerste rondvlucht langs de maan. De stoeltjes zijn al vergeven; een excentrieke Japanse miljardair zal – vergezeld door kunstenaars en de nog nader te bepalen liefde van zijn leven – richting de maan vliegen. Het lijkt echter niet onaannemelijk dat een succesvolle vlucht in 2023 resulteert in meerdere van deze buitengewone uitstapjes.

https://www.scientias.nl/spacex-gaat-vo ... n-brengen/
De Islam is een groot gevaar!
Jezus leeft maar Mohammed is dood (en in de hel)

Mahalingam
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Lid geworden op: Za Feb 24, 2007 8:39 pm

Re: Futuristische ontwikkelingen

Berichtdoor Mahalingam » Wo Mar 11, 2020 10:21 am

Het kost heel veel geld om die ISS bruikbaar te houden. Er zouden een heleboel belangrijke wetenschappelijke proeven en onderzoekingen mogelijk zijn in de vrije gewichtsloze ruimte.
En wat voor belangrijke wetenschappelijke vorderingen en doorbraken zijn er dankzij ISS te melden? Ik ken ze niet.
En waar is de bemanning dan zo druk mee bezig? Met klussen, reparen en vervangen om het leefbaar te houden.
En nu hebben ze dan iets gevonden waar die ISS wel bruikbaar voor is: toeristenhotel. Wat een afgang.
Wie in de Islam zijn hersens gebruikt, zal zijn hoofd moeten missen.

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Pilgrim
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Re: Futuristische ontwikkelingen

Berichtdoor Pilgrim » Wo Mar 11, 2020 2:49 pm

Het klinkt misschien wat vulgair, maar ik denk dat de (vooral verre) toekomst van de bemande ruimtevaart gewoon toerisme is. Dus vergelijkbaar met luchtvaart. Een grootse toekomst trouwens, want het zal een industrie zijn die eindeloos kan uitdijen... Onbeperkte economische groei en wat niet schadelijk zal zijn voor onze planeet. Het zal ook leiden tot nieuwe industrieën zoals mijnbouw in de ruimte of krachtcentrales in de ruimte met zonne-energie. Delfstofwinning in de ruimte zal ook een einde maken aan materiaalschaarste op aarde. Het ISS is gewoon een schakel in de weg daar naar toe.

Hier wat info over informatie over de wetenschappelijke vorderingen door het ISS:

https://www.independent.co.uk/news/scie ... 96211.html

https://ntrs.nasa.gov/archive/nasa/casi ... 029998.pdf
De Islam is een groot gevaar!
Jezus leeft maar Mohammed is dood (en in de hel)

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xplosive
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Lid geworden op: Do Jun 30, 2011 11:18 pm

Re: Futuristische ontwikkelingen

Berichtdoor xplosive » Wo Mar 25, 2020 11:38 pm

 

By Alexandru Micu, March 24, 2020

Researchers at the Stanford University School of Medicine have successfully de-aged human cells in a lab dish.

Carefully exposing human cells to Yamanaka factors, proteins involved in embryonic development that are used to transform adult cells into induced pluripotent stem (or iPS) cells, can reverse cellular aging. The authors report that old human cells in a lab dish treated with these proteins were nearly indistinguishable from fresh cells.

Ageback

    "We are very excited about these findings," said study co-author Thomas Rando, MD, Ph.D., the director of Stanford's Glenn Center for the Biology of Aging. "My colleagues and I have been pursuing the rejuvenation of tissues since our studies in the early 2000s revealed that systemic factors can make old tissues younger."
The authors explain that iPS cells produced from adult cells become "youthful" in the process. They wondered whether the process could be stopped mid-way, in order to make the cells more vigorous without causing them to revert back to a stem state. They found that it is possible, but the procedure hinges on carefully controlling the duration of exposure to Yamanaka factors. The team can use their approach to "promote rejuvenation in multiple human cell types," explains Vittorio Sebastiano, Ph.D. the senior author of the study.

The factors gradually wipe a cell's genetic material clean of the bits that differentiate them — those that make a skin cell and a blood cell different, for example — and revert them back to a younger state over the course of weeks. Instead, the team only allowed exposure to continue for a few days. They then compared the genetic activity of these cells with untreated cells from both elderly adults and younger participants.

The treated cells showed signs of age reversal after four days of exposure, the team explains, and their patterns of gene expression were similar to those seen in cells from younger participants. Treated cells appeared to be about one-and-a-half to three-and-a-half years younger on average than untreated cells from elderly people. The maximum values were three and a half years for skin cells and seven and a half years for cells lining blood vessels (when comparing methylation levels, a hallmark of cell aging).

    "We saw a dramatic rejuvenation across all hallmarks but one in all the cell types tested," Sebastiano said. "But our last and most important experiment was done on muscle stem cells. Although they are naturally endowed with the ability to self-renew, this capacity wanes with age. We wondered, Can we also rejuvenate stem cells and have a long-term effect?"
The team transplanted treated muscle cells back into old mice, and reported that they regained muscle strength comparable to that of younger mice. The process also helped cells from the cartilage of people (with and without osteoarthritis) reduce the secretion of inflammatory molecules, improve cellular function, and the cells' ability to divide.

    "Although much more work needs to be done, we are hopeful that we may one day have the opportunity to reboot entire tissues," Sebastiano said. "But first we want to make sure that this is rigorously tested in the lab and found to be safe."
Gun jezelf wat je een ander toewenst     islam = racisme   & de hel op aarde voor mens en dier
                                   koran = racistisch & handboek voor criminelen
      Moslimlanden bewijzen dagelijks:    meer islam = meer verkrachte mensenrechten

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xplosive
Berichten: 7738
Lid geworden op: Do Jun 30, 2011 11:18 pm

Re: Futuristische ontwikkelingen

Berichtdoor xplosive » Do Mar 26, 2020 10:16 pm

 

by FLEET, MARCH 26, 2020

An Australian-German collaboration has demonstrated fully-autonomous SPM operation, applying artificial intelligence and deep learning to remove the need for constant human supervision.

The new system, dubbed DeepSPM, bridges the gap between nanoscience, automation and artificial intelligence (AI), and firmly establishes the use of machine learning for experimental scientific research.

"Optimising SPM data acquisition can be very tedious. This optimization process is usually performed by the human experimentalist, and is rarely reported," says FLEET Chief Investigator Dr. Agustin Schiffrin (Monash University).

"Our new AI-driven system can operate and acquire optimal SPM data autonomously, for multiple straight days, and without any human supervision."

The advance brings advanced SPM methodologies such as atomically-precise nanofabrication and high-throughput data acquisition closer to a fully automated turnkey application.

The new deep learning approach can be generalized to other SPM techniques. The researchers have made the entire framework publicly available online as open source, creating an important resource for the nanoscience research community.

Fully-Autonomous DeepSPM

"Crucial to the success of DeepSPM is the use of a self-learning agent, as the correct control inputs are not known beforehand," says Dr. Cornelius Krull, project co-leader.

"Learning from experience, our agent adapts to changing experimental conditions and finds a strategy to maintain the system stable," says Dr. Krull, who works with Dr. Shiffrin at Monash School of Physics and Astronomy.

The AI-driven system begins with an algorithmic search of the best sample regions and proceeds with autonomous data acquisition.

It then uses a convolutional neural network to assess the quality of the data. If the quality of the data is not good, DeepSPM uses a deep reinforcement learning agent to improve the condition of the probe.

DeepSPM can run for several days, acquiring and processing data continuously, while managing SPM parameters in response to varying experimental conditions, without any supervision.

The study demonstrates fully autonomous, long-term SPM operation for the first time by combining:

  • an algorithmic approach for sample area selection and SPM data acquisition;
  • supervised machine learning using convolutional neural networks for quality assessment and classification of SPM data, and
  • deep reinforcement learning for dynamic automated in-situ probe management and conditioning.

Artificial-intelligence-driven Scanning Probe Microscopy was published in Communications Physics in March 2020.
Gun jezelf wat je een ander toewenst     islam = racisme   & de hel op aarde voor mens en dier
                                   koran = racistisch & handboek voor criminelen
      Moslimlanden bewijzen dagelijks:    meer islam = meer verkrachte mensenrechten

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Pilgrim
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Re: Futuristische ontwikkelingen

Berichtdoor Pilgrim » Zo Apr 05, 2020 9:57 pm

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De Islam is een groot gevaar!
Jezus leeft maar Mohammed is dood (en in de hel)


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